What are the typical ingredients in a conclusion? See a sample conclusion 4. Try a practice activity 5. Check out further advice on writing conclusions 6. What are the typical 'ingredients' of a conclusion?
Writing a dissertation
A summary of the main part of the text. A summary of the main points being careful not to repeat exactly what you have written before. Among the differences you will notice are the following: As well as having an overall conclusion to your dissertation or thesis, each chapter should also have a conclusion as well as an introduction. The reason for this is that in a longer piece of writing, it becomes more important to remind the reader of what you have done and why you have done it, before you move onto the next stage.
The conclusion of a dissertation or thesis is not an opportunity to engage in a personal 'rant'. You must draw out key aspects of the literature you have studied, along with your recommendations , and say how they are justified or contradicted by your research. It is a good idea in a chapter conclusion to remind the reader what happened in the chapter e. In this chapter, the literature relating to the teaching of vocabulary was considered. After this, you need to build a bridge linking this chapter with the next one.
This will be further discussed in the next chapter. In a dissertation or thesis, there is likely to be a longer section on the limitations of your research. Important though this is, however, you also need to be sure to sell your research in the conclusion - so it is best not to be too negative or over-modest about your achievements at this point.
The key to many dissertations and theses is the need to emphasise the contribution that it makes to research. In a dissertation or thesis, it is more likely that you will have a section on the need for future research.
In an MA or MSc dissertation you may like to suggest something that could be developed from your work as a PhD thesis. In a PhD thesis you may like to indicate some potential for post-doctoral work. Further advice on writing conclusions When writing an assignment, be careful of the following points: The topic you are writing about may not always require a full conclusion this is particularly the case if your work is heavily analytical or mathematical, or not very discursive.
Remember not all assignments require discussion. Check what the expectations are in your own department. Ask your tutor if you are not sure. Even if you do not need a full conclusion, remember that any assignment nearly always needs to be rounded off in some way and brought to an end. Consider this: will the reader know that you have finished your work? Or will they just think that you have run out of time - or energy?
Keep in mind the balance of your assignment. The conclusion should be clear and relatively brief. Examiners will usually be very wary of essays, theses or dissertations that presume to solve all the world's problems in a simplistic and trivial way. Remember, life is never that simple.
However, remember not to introduce any new material in the conclusion. There is no need to go over everything again that you have already mentioned; this would be unnecessarily boring and tedious. Make sure that the conclusion is based on what you have said before. It is often tempting to go off at a tangent and to say things that are completely unrelated to the topic.
You might consider how effective your methodology was in answering your research questions, and whether any new questions or unexpected insights arose in the process. You might already have made recommendations for future research in the discussion, but the conclusion is a good place to elaborate and look ahead, considering the implications of your findings for theory and practice. Avoid exaggerating the applicability of your research. Make sure your reader is left with a strong impression of what your research has contributed to knowledge in your field.
Some strategies to achieve this include:. Pick out the most important points and sum them up with a succinct overview that situates your project in its broader context. The end is near! Then you need to make sure your reference list is complete and correctly formatted. To speed up the process, you can use our free APA citation generator.
Helpful Guidelines for How to Write Dissertation Chapters
Finally, read through the whole document again to make sure your thesis is clearly written and free from language errors. You've written a great conclusion! Use the other checklists to further improve your dissertation. Have a language expert improve your writing. Check your paper for plagiarism in 10 minutes.
Starting your introduction
Generate your APA citations for free! Home Knowledge Base Dissertation How to write a thesis conclusion. Date updated: August 13, The conclusion is the very last part of your thesis or dissertation. Receive feedback on language, structure and layout Professional editors proofread and edit your paper by focusing on: Academic style Vague sentences Grammar Style consistency See an example. The main research question has been concisely answered. The overall argument has been summarized. There is reflection on the aims, methods and results of the research.
see Any important limitations have been mentioned. Relevant recommendations have been discussed. The contributions of the research have been clearly explained. Well done!
See all other checklists Return to checklist. Is this article helpful? Shona McCombes Shona has a bachelor's and two master's degrees, so she's an expert at writing a great thesis. She has also worked as an editor and teacher, working with students at all different levels to improve their academic writing. Other students also liked.